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How many gallons of oil was leaked out in the Exxon Valdez incident?

How many gallons of oil was leaked out in the Exxon Valdez incident?

Crude oil spewed out of the rupture at a rate of 1,000 gallons an hour for a month before it could be slowed; thousands of birds, fish and sea mammals died. The 1969 offshore oil spill was the nation’s worst until the Exxon Valdez dumped 11 million gallons of crude oil off the coast of Alaska in 1989.

Has the ecosystem fully recovered from the Exxon Valdez oil spill?

Two decades after the Exxon Valdez spilled 11 million gallons of crude oil into Alaska’s waters, the Prince William Sound, its fishermen, and its wildlife have still not fully recovered. Sea otters once again play in the waters of Alaska’s Prince William Sound, and salmon and some other species have rebounded.

What were the results of the Exxon Valdez oil spill?

The Exxon Valdez disaster dramatically changed all of that, taking a major toll on wildlife. It killed an estimated 250,000 sea birds, 3,000 otters, 300 seals, 250 bald eagles and 22 killer whales.

How many tons of oil has spilled worldwide since the Exxon Valdez?

Since Exxon Valdez, more than 9,500 tanker spills have occurred worldwide. Some 20 years later, the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico dumped 19 times more oil into the ocean than Exxon Valdez did.

What happened to Captain of Exxon Valdez?

The National Transportation Safety Board reported Thursday that the captain of the Exxon Valdez was legally drunk when he was tested some 10 hours after his tanker hit a reef last week, causing the worst oil spill in U.S. history.

Why did the Exxon Valdez crash?

Various reports following the accident have identified a number of factors that made Exxon Valdez ran aground on the reef under the command of Captain Joseph Hazelwood. Reports also said the accident occurred as the ship took a route which was not prescribed under the normal shipping route.

What happened to the captain of the Exxon Valdez?

Joseph Jeffrey Hazelwood (born September 24, 1946) is an American sailor. He was the captain of Exxon Valdez during her 1989 oil spill. Hazelwood was convicted of a lesser charge, negligent discharge of oil (a misdemeanor), fined $50,000, and sentenced to 1,000 hours of community service.

How long did it take to clean up the Exxon Valdez oil spill?

around three years
Clean-Up of the Exxon Valdez Spill The entire course of the clean-up operation took around three years from 1989 to 1992 and even now, monitoring is being carried out in the entire length of the coastline to observe any late-emerging effects of the oil spill.

What was the most expensive oil spill in history?

Exxon Valdez oil spill
Exxon Valdez oil spill costs exceeded $7 billion According to the International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Limited, “The most expensive oil spill in history is the EXXON VALDEZ (Alaska, 1989).

What is the largest oil spill in history?

Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Deepwater Horizon oil spill On April 20, 2010, an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon Macondo oil well drilling platform killed 11 workers and started the largest marine oil spill in U.S. history, releasing millions of barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico.

What happened to the Captain of Exxon Valdez?

Did the Exxon Valdez sink?

On March 24, 1989, while owned by the former Exxon Shipping Company, and captained by Joseph Hazelwood and First Mate James Kunkel bound for Long Beach, California, the vessel ran aground on the Bligh Reef resulting in the second largest oil spill in United States history.

What type of oil was spilled in Exxon Valdez?

The Exxon Valdez oil spill was a manmade disaster that occurred when Exxon Valdez, an oil tanker owned by the Exxon Shipping Company, spilled 11 million gallons of crude oil into Alaska’s Prince William Sound on March 24, 1989. It was the worst oil spill in U.S. history until the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010.

How many gallons of oil were spilled by Exxon Valdez?

The oil tanker Exxon Valdez spilled an estimated 10.8 million gallons of crude oil into the waters of Prince William Sound after striking Bligh Reef at approximately 12:04 a.m. on March 24, 1989. The oil spill eventually covered 11,000 square miles of ocean, extended 470 miles southwest, and coated 1,300 miles of coastline.

What are ethical issues in Exxon’s Valdez oil spill?

Exxon Valdez Case Study. Executive summary. The ethical issues faced by management of corporations, and Exxon in particular, originate from the objective of cost cutting with the purpose of profit maximization . As was seen in Exxon’s case, where the disaster could have been prevented if the proper mechanisms and equipment were put in place.

Is the Exxon Valdez spill cleaned up?

Oil Spill Cleanup. In the months after the Exxon Valdez oil spill, Exxon employees, federal responders and more than 11,000 Alaska residents worked to clean up the oil spill. Exxon payed about $2 billion in cleanup costs and $1.8 billion for habitat restoration and personal damages related to the spill.