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What are the similarities of first and second generation of computer?

What are the similarities of first and second generation of computer?

First Generation Second Generation
They were a low-speed computer. They were ten times faster than first-generation computers.
Main memory
It was in the form of a magnetic drum. The main memory was in the form of RAM and ROM.
Storage device

What is the difference between generations in computers?

Initially, the generation term was used to distinguish between varying hardware technologies. Nowadays, generation includes both hardware and software, which together make up an entire computer system….Computer – Generations.

S.No Generation & Description
2 Second Generation The period of second generation: 1959-1965. Transistor based.

What is the differences between any two generations of computer?

Differences Between The First And Second-Generation Computer 2) First generation computers operate in Machine language, while that of the second generation operate in assembly language. 3) The first generation computer was a low speed computer, in contrast to the second generation computer which was 10 times faster.

What are the five generations of computers What is the difference on each generation?

Classification of generations of computers

Generations of computers Generations timeline Evolving hardware
Second generation 1950s-1960s Transistor based
Third generation 1960s-1970s Integrated circuit based
Fourth generation 1970s-present Microprocessor based
Fifth generation The present and the future Artificial intelligence based

What is 1st generation computer?

A vacuum tube computer, now termed a first-generation computer, is a computer that uses vacuum tubes for logic circuitry. Although superseded by second generation, transistorized computers , vacuum tube computers continued to be built into the 1960s. These computers were mostly one-of-a-kind designs.

What are the main difference between first and second generation?

Difference between First Generation Computers and Second Generation Computers

First Generation Computers Second Generation Computers
Its speed is slow. Its speed is high.
First generation computers use machine language Second generation computers use assembly language.

What are the 5 types of computer generation?

What Are The Five Generations of Computer Technology?

  • First Generation (1940-1956)
  • Second Generation (1956-1963)
  • Third Generation (1964-1971)
  • Fourth Generation (1971-2010)
  • Fifth Generation (Present Day)

What are examples of first generation computers?

Examples of the first generation computers include ENIAC, EDVAC, UNIVAC, IBM-701, and IBM-650. These computers were large and very unreliable. They would heat up and frequently shut down and could only be used for very basic computations.

What was the 1st generation computer used for?

First Generation Computers Therefore, they were very expensive and only large organizations were able to afford it. In this generation, mainly batch processing operating system was used. Punch cards, paper tape, and magnetic tape was used as input and output devices.

What are the 3 generation of computer?

The third generation of computer is marked by the use of Integrated Circuits (IC’s) in place of transistors. A single I.C has many transistors, resistors and capacitors along with the associated circuitry. The I.C was invented by Jack Kilby. This development made computers smaller in size, reliable and efficient.

What is the main component of first generation computer?

First Generation Computers The computers of first generation used vacuum tubes as the basic components for memory and circuitry for CPU (Central Processing Unit). These tubes, like electric bulbs, produced a lot of heat and the installations used to fuse frequently.

What are the 7 generations of computer?

How many generations of computers are there?

  • First generation (1940 – 1956)
  • Second generation (1956 – 1963)
  • Third generation (1964 – 1971)
  • Fourth generation (1972 – 2010)
  • Fifth generation (2010 to present)
  • Sixth generation (future generations)

How is the second generation of computers different from the first?

In comparison to the first generation, the size of second generation was smaller. In comparison to computers of the first generation, the computing time taken by the computers of the second generation was lesser.

How many generations of computers are there in the world?

Today, in the world of computers, the term generation describes both hardware and software, which are two important aspects that make up the entire computer system. There are generally, five computers generations each varying from the other in different aspects of technology.

What was the purpose of each generation of computers?

The history of computer development was often referring to several different generations of computing devices. Each generation of computer is characterized by its technological development. Those purposes are wanted to increate smaller, cheaper, efficient, powerful and reliable devices.

Which is the fifth generation of computer technology?

The period 2010 to till date and beyond, roughly considered as the period of fifth generation of computers. By the time, the computer generation was being categorized on the basis of hardware only, but the fifth generation technology also included software. The computers of the fifth generation had high capability and large memory capacity.