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What does equilibrium do for a protostar?

What does equilibrium do for a protostar?

Equilibrium for a protostar occurs when gas pressure equals gravity. Gravity remains constant, so what changes the gas pressure in a protostar? Gas pressure depends upon two things to maintain it: a very hot temperature (keep those atoms colliding!) and density (lots of atoms in a small space).

What is the purpose of a protostar?

As the protostar rotates, it generates a strong magnetic field. The magnetic field also generates a strong protostellar wind, which is an outward flow of particles into space. Many protostars also send out high-speed streams or jets of gas into space.

What causes a protostar to start glowing?

Over millions of years, more hydrogen gas is pulled into the spinning cloud. The collisions which occur between the hydrogen atoms starts to heat the gas in the cloud. The tremendous heat given off by the nuclear fusion process causes the gas to glow creating a protostar.

Why is maintaining equilibrium so important?

The star’s main goal in life is to achieve stability, or equilibrium. It just means that there is not a net overall change in the star. In a stable star, the gas pressure pushing out from the center is equal with the gravity pulling atoms inward to the center – when these forces are equal, the star is at equilibrium.

What happens when a star is not in equilibrium?

Once a star has exhausted its supply of hydrogen in its core, leaving nothing but helium, the outward force created by fusion starts to decrease and the star can no longer maintain equilibrium. The force of gravity becomes greater than the force from internal pressure and the star begins to collapse.

What makes a protostar shine?

Protostars shine because they are hotter than their surroundings: Need an energy source to stay hot, but. Central temperature is too cool for nuclear fusion to ignite.

Is a protostar a process?

A protostar is formed as gravity begins to pull the gases together into a ball. This process is known as accretion. As gravity pulls the gasses closer to the center of the ball, gravitational energy begins to heat them, causing the gasses to emit radiation.

How long does a protostar stage last?

between 100,000 and 10 million years
During this time, and up until hydrogen burning begins and it joins the main sequence, the object is known as a protostar. This stage of stellar evolution may last for between 100,000 and 10 million years depending on the size of the star being formed.

What are the 5 stages of a star?

What are the 5 stages of a star?

  • A nebula. A star forms from massive clouds of dust and gas in space, also known as a nebula.
  • Protostar. As the mass falls together it gets hot.
  • Main sequence star.
  • Red giant star.
  • White dwarf.
  • Supernova.
  • Neutron star or black hole.

What is the first stage of a stars life?

Stage 1- Stars are born in a region of high density Nebula, and condenses into a huge globule of gas and dust and contracts under its own gravity. This image shows the Orion Nebula or M42 . Stage 2 – A region of condensing matter will begin to heat up and start to glow forming Protostars.

What are the conditions of equilibrium?

Conditions for equilibrium require that the sum of all external forces acting on the body is zero (first condition of equilibrium), and the sum of all external torques from external forces is zero (second condition of equilibrium). These two conditions must be simultaneously satisfied in equilibrium.

What are the 3 types of equilibrium?

There are three types of equilibrium: stable, unstable, and neutral.

How is energy generated in a protostar star?

The energy generated in the star is being radiated outwards as photons of light. As the photons pass through the star, they created a net outward push (radiation pressure), which along with the thermal pressure of the material in the star, resists gravity.

What makes a star maintain a stable equilibrium?

In order to maintain stability, a deeper layer must counteract this with gas pressure pushing upwards and outwards – gas pressure because a star’s insides are made up of gas! But you knew that already.

Why is the luminosity of a protostar so high?

Because the protostar is still contracting, its diameter and hence surface area are quite large so its luminosity may be ~100x what it will be when it reaches the main sequence. The protostar’s relatively high luminosity means that it radiates away energy rapidly which in turns causes it to collapse gravitationally even faster.

How are protostars related to the main sequence?

Cloud clumps with .08 M< M < 100 Mcan form stable, main sequence stars. From protostar to main sequence: — after initial collapse, protostar is likely still to be surrounded by remnant of the cloud from which it formed (need to observe at long wavelengths to see through the dust)