Menu Close

What historical events happened in Australia?

What historical events happened in Australia?

19th century

1850 Australia’s first university, the University of Sydney, was founded.
1851 Victoria separated from New South Wales.
The Victorian gold rush started when gold was found at Summerhill Creek and Ballarat.
Forest Creek Monster Meeting of miners at Chewton near Castlemaine

What important events happened in 1788 Australia?

On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.

What important things happened in Australia?

Defining Moments in Australian History

  • New.
  • 2013 National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS)
  • 2010 Ken Wyatt’s election to parliament.
  • 2000 Cathy Freeman.
  • 2005 Cronulla race riots.
  • 2017 Uluru Statement from the Heart.
  • 2019 AFL apology to Adam Goodes.
  • 1963 Yirrkala bark petitions.

What are the most important dates in Australian history?

Australian history timeline

  • 50,000BC. Aboriginal people arrive on the Australian continent.
  • 1642. Abel Tasman discovers Tasmania and New Zealand.
  • 1770. Captain James Cook explores the east coast of Australia, which he calls New South Wales.
  • 1788. Britain establishes a penal colony in Sydney Cove.
  • 1808.
  • 1851.
  • 1854.
  • 1895.

What are some historical facts about Australia?

The Aboriginal people of Australia have the oldest continuous culture on Earth, believed to have arrived to the island by boat around 50,000 years ago. The Dutch navigator, Willem Janszoon, was the first European to set foot on Australia on 26 February 1606, near the town of Weipa on Cape York.

What major events happened in the 1900s in Australia?

Jan 1 Australia celebrates Federation
Mar 29 First Federal election. Sir Edmund Barton becomes Prime Minister
April First ALP Caucus meeting
May 8 Federal Labor Party formed with John Christian Watson as leader
May 9 Melbourne: Opening of first Federal Parliament at the Exhibition Building

What is the brief history of Australia?

The Dutch first sighted Australia in 1606 before Captain Cook claimed the land for Great Britain in 1770. The First Fleet of 11 boats arrived at Botany Bay in 1788 to establish New South Wales as a penal colony (receiving convicts until 1848).

What are special days of celebration in Australia?

Dates of Significance

  • New Year’s Day (1st of January)
  • Australia Day* (26th of January)
  • Easter (Varies by year)
  • ANZAC Day (25th of April)
  • Labour Day (Traditionally 1st of May; Varies in each state)
  • Queen’s Birthday (Technically 21st of April; Varies in each state)
  • Christmas Eve (24th of December)

Has Australia been in a war?

Australia’s history is different from that of many other nations in that since the first coming of the Europeans and their dispossession of the Aboriginals, Australia has not experienced a subsequent invasion; no war has since been fought on Australian soil. Yet Australians have fought in ten wars.

What are 3 interesting facts about Australia?

10 interesting facts about Australia that may surprise you

  • The Australian Alps get more snow than the Swiss Alps.
  • 90% of Australians live on the coast.
  • Tasmania has the cleanest air in the world.
  • The Great Barrier Reef is the largest eco-system in the world.
  • Australia has over 60 separate wine regions.

What is Australia’s real name?

the Commonwealth of Australia
The sovereign country Australia, formed in 1901 by the Federation of the six British colonies, is officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia, abbreviated within the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act and the Constitution of Australia to “the Commonwealth”.

What happened 1910 Australia?

19 November – A cyclone strikes the town of Broome, Western Australia, killing 40 people and destroying 20 houses. 25 November – The Royal Australian Navy is created with the passing of the Australian Naval Defence Act by the Federal Parliament. The destroyers HMAS Parramatta and HMAS Yarra arrive in Australia.

What are the major events in Australian history?

This is a timeline of Australian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Australia and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Australia.

When did Anzac Day start and end in Australia?

On 25th April 1915, in the midst of World War I, Australian and New Zealand troops landed at Anzac Cove on the Gallipoli Peninsula. The Gallipoli campaign lasted eight months with 8,709 Australian fatalities. Anzac Day is a significant national day of remembrance and commemorates military casualties and veterans.

When did the first settlers arrive in Australia?

Deeming the area unsuitable, the contingent then travelled north and arrived at Port Jackson on 26th January 1788. The event marked the start of British settlement, and we now commemorate it as Australia Day. It is also referred to as Invasion Day by some, including Indigenous Australians.

Who are the Australian women who changed history?

Fighting on the front lines for social justice, women’s rights, education and health care as well as proving themselves as vital game changers in the world of sports and science, here are 11 inspiring Australian women who changed history. These two Australian friends rewrote history for female swimmers in New South Wales, Australia.