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What is an explanatory text?

What is an explanatory text?

An explanatory text (sometimes called an explanation) is a type of non-fiction text that explains a process (for example, how something works or why something happens). Read this example of an explanatory text.

What are the two types of explanation text?


  • Sequential – These detail the stages in an event eg: how a caterpillar turns into a moth.
  • Causal – Details what causes the change from one stage to the next ie: How a president is elected.

What is the difference between an information text and an explanation text?

The main difference between them is that explanations are describing something, but instructions are telling someone what to do. The main difference is that reports usually describe an object (e.g. All about hedgehogs, The City of Paris), while explanations describe a process (something that happens).

What is the purpose of explanatory texts?

The primary purpose of informative/explanatory writing is to increase the understanding of the reader. Unlike argument writing, informative/explanatory writing starts with the assumption of truthfulness, focusing on telling how or why.

What are the key features of explanatory text?

Explanation text is a piece of non-fiction writing explaining an action process or event in a detailed but simple way. It features numbered points, time connectives, pictures, diagrams, labels and captions to help the receiver understand the process of what’s being delivered.

What is an explanatory essay example?

Usually, explanatory essay topics are pre-assigned to students. For example, a student can be asked to outline the events that led to World War II, or explain how computers work. If you are told to pick a topic by yourself, remember that explanatory essays are unbiased and based on facts.

How do you identify explanation text?

What are the Key Features of an Explanation Text?

  1. Explanation text is typically written in the present tense with formal to-the-point language that doesn’t deviate from the topic.
  2. It uses separate text with headings and subheadings to make the explanation text simple and easy to understand.

What are the 4 types of informational text?

So those are the four types of informative writing. Literary nonfiction, which tends to be shorter writing; expository writing, which has written cues that make it easier for readers to scan information; argumentative or persuasive writing, which advocates a point of view; and procedural writing, a step-by-step guide.

How do you end an explanation text?

SEQUENCING Use sequential paragraphs or statements describing how or why something happens. Show connections such as cause and effect or temporal sequence. WRAPPING IT UP A strong concluding paragraph or sentence that draws everything together will add more validity to your explanation.

What makes a good explanation text?

Explanation text is typically written in the present tense with formal to-the-point language that doesn’t deviate from the topic. It uses separate text with headings and subheadings to make the explanation text simple and easy to understand. Add pictures and diagrams with labels for visual learners.

What are examples of explanatory?

The definition of explanatory is something that makes things more clear. An example of explanatory is a science teacher describing to his students how plants need sunlight to grow. Intended to serve as an explanation. Below the diagram is an explanatory text.

How do you start an explanatory paragraph?

It begins with a topic sentence that tells what the paragraph will be about. The body sentences that follow present the categories along with specific details about each. Finally, the closing sentence wraps up the paragraph.

Which is an example of the explanatory text?

For example, in the following page, the explanatory text and bullet points are clearly written, appropriate, and relevant. However, the arrow toward the bottom of the page is distracting, drawing the user to information that is irrelevant and confusing given that the same action already exists in a button on the page.

What are the features of an explanation text?

Explanation texts: features. Explanation texts usually include these features: Written in the present tense, in formal language. Text arranged into numbered points. Sub-headings to separate sections of text. Time connectives, such as: first, then, next, later, finally.

What’s the difference between a report and an explanation?

In short, report is a text which presents information about something. It is as a result of systematic observation and analysis. While explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena.

Which is an example of a social explanation text?

Meanwhile, the social explanation text is about events that occur around us, such as demosntration, collapsed houses, blackout, poverty, unemployment and others. In a social explanation text, it can be broken down into many topics, such as culture, community economic problems, and others.