Table of Contents
- 1 Why are electrons not shared between sodium and chlorine?
- 2 How does chlorine and sodium bond?
- 3 Which type of bond is the strongest?
- 4 What is the result of the animated process?
- 5 Can chlorine accept electrons?
- 6 Can chlorine lose electrons?
- 7 What happens when sodium is mixed with chlorine?
- 8 How does a sodium and chlorine atom become a positive ion?
electrons r shared only in covalent and co-ordinate bonds . becoz these is ionic bond ,so they don’t share electrons.
How does chlorine and sodium bond?
Because of the propensity of sodium to lose an electron and of chlorine to gain an electron, the elements are well suited to bond with one another. This transfer of electrons results in the formation of the ionic bond holding Na+ and Cl– together.
Does chlorine attract or release electrons?
In the chlorine molecule, the two chlorine atoms are attracted to the same pair of electrons. Each chlorine atom has seven valence electrons in the third energy level and requires one more electron to form an electron core with an argon electron configuration.
When chlorine reacts with sodium are the electrons shared or transferred?
The electrons from one atom are shown as dots, and the electrons from the other atom are shown as crosses. For example, when sodium reacts with chlorine, electrons transfer from sodium atoms to chlorine atoms.
Which type of bond is the strongest?
Covalent Bonds Another type of strong chemical bond between two or more atoms is a covalent bond. These bonds form when an electron is shared between two elements. Covalent bonds are the strongest (*see note below) and most common form of chemical bond in living organisms.
What is the result of the animated process?
What is the result of the animated process? A positively charged sodium ion and a negatively charged chlorine ion. An attraction between ions of opposite charge.
Why do chlorine and sodium bond so easily?
Sodium has 1 electron in its outermost shell, and chlorine has 7 electrons. It is easiest for sodium to lose its electron and form a +1 ion, and for chlorine to gain an electron, forming a -1 ion.
Why is chlorine poisonous but sodium chloride not?
Salt water is full of sodium chloride molecules. are not poisonous and reactive like sodium metal and chlorine gas because they are electrically charged atoms called “ions.” The sodium atoms are missing their outer electron.
Can chlorine accept electrons?
Chlorine readily accepts an eighth electron to fill its third shell, and therefore becomes negatively charged because of an imbalance between the number of protons (17) and electrons (18).
Can chlorine lose electrons?
Chlorine gains an electron, leaving it with 17 protons and 18 electrons. Since it has 1 more electron than protons, chlorine has a charge of −1, making it a negative ion. When ions form, atoms gain or lose electrons until their outer energy level is full.
Why is sodium and chlorine reactive?
Alkali metals are highly reactive because they readily lose their outermost electron. Sodium combines with water in an explosive reaction. Chlorine (Cl) is a halogen; it is a highly reactive element that readily gains an electron to fill its outermost shell.
What happens to the properties of sodium and chlorine when they react to form sodium chloride?
When a sodium atom transfers an electron to a chlorine atom, forming a sodium cation (Na+) and a chloride anion (Cl-), both ions have complete valence shells, and are energetically more stable. The reaction is extremely exothermic, producing a bright yellow light and a great deal of heat energy.
What happens when sodium is mixed with chlorine?
Explanation of what happens when sodium reacts with chlorine: A sodium atom has one electron in the outer shell. A chlorine atom seven electrons in the outer shell. A sodium atom loses an electron to a chlorine atom. The sodium atom becomes a positive sodium ion.
How does a sodium and chlorine atom become a positive ion?
When this happens, the atom is called a positive ion. The chloride ion now has eighteen electrons and seventeen protons, so it’s become a negative ion. Because the sodium ion has a positive charge, and the chlorine ion has a negative charge, they are attracted to each other, and form an ionic bond.
What happens to sodium if it loses one electron?
Since it lost one electron, it is now a sodium ion with a charge of 1^+. The chlorine atom now has eight valence electrons in its third energy level, having gained the electron from the sodium atom. Since it gained one electron, it is now a chloride ion with a charge of 1^(-).
How many electrons does a chlorine atom have?
The chlorine atom now has eight valence electrons in its third energy level, having gained the electron from the sodium atom. Since it gained one electron, it is now a chloride ion with a charge of 1−.