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What are the effects of overuse of fertilizers?

What are the effects of overuse of fertilizers?

Though chemical fertilizers increase crop production; their overuse has hardened the soil, decreased fertility, strengthened pesticides, polluted air and water, and released greenhouse gases, thereby bringing hazards to human health and environment as well.

What are two harmful effects of the use of too much fertilizers?

Some of the harm chemical fertilizers may cause include waterway pollution, chemical burn to crops, increased air pollution, acidification of the soil and mineral depletion of the soil.

What are the impacts of overuse of inorganic fertilizer?

Inorganic fertilizers can be detrimental to the environment, when abused. Problems that can stem from overusing fertilizers include runoff and erosion, the contamination of water supplies, and disruptions to aquatic life. As a society, we need to be aware of the consequences of relying on these substances.

What are the negative effects of inorganic fertilizers?

Inorganic fertilizers also increase the possibility of high salinity. Saline soils have too much salt and can negatively affect a plant’s ability to absorb nutrients and water. These fertilizers can also cause a crust on top of the soil, advises Oregon State University Extension Service.

How do fertilizers affect diseases?

Fertilization occasionally decreases disease resistance of plants, but due to the plant growth stimulating effect of nutrient availability, simultaneously increases disease tolerance (e.g. Panique et al., 1997).

Can fertilizers be harmful?

Plant fertilizers can poison people and pets if they are inhaled or accidentally ingested. Touching the fertilizer may cause skin irritation, and ingesting it may be poisonous. Nitrogen is essential for plant growth, but it can be very dangerous when present at high levels in humans.

What are the effects of too much fertilizer?

Mentioned below are some key points defining the effects of using fertilizers on the environment. Depletes the Quality of the Soil. Though this may sound ironic to you, the fact is that using too much of fertilizers in the soil can alter the fertility of the soil by increasing the acid levels in the soil.

Why is it problem to overuse fertilizers?

The over-use of chemical fertilizers can lead to soil acidification because of a decrease in organic matter in the soil . Nitrogen applied to fields in large amounts over time damages topsoil, resulting in reduced crop yields. Sandy soils are much more prone to soil acidification than are clay soils.

How does the overuse of fertilizers effect the environment?

The nutrients fertilizer provides to plants can also damage them if used in excess. But the damage from the misuse of fertilizer doesn’t stop at your plants. It creates problems for the environment too, especially aquatic life. Root burn is a condition in which the roots of plants suffer damage from the overuse of fertilizers.

What are the problems with fertilizer?

The main environmental problem associated with fertilizer use is contamination of water with nitrates and phosphates. The nitrogen from fertilizers and manures are eventually converted by bacteria in the soil to nitrates.