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What did explorers bring back from New World?

What did explorers bring back from New World?

Christopher Columbus introduced horses, sugar plants, and disease to the New World, while facilitating the introduction of New World commodities like sugar, tobacco, chocolate, and potatoes to the Old World. The process by which commodities, people, and diseases crossed the Atlantic is known as the Columbian Exchange.

What did the earliest explorers come to the New World for?

The Desire for New Trade Routes European explorers found the New World by mistake; they were not looking to find new continents but new sea routes. Europeans mainly wanted to find better trade routes to China, India, and Southeast Asia.

What did the early explorers trade?

Explorers learned more about areas such as Africa and the Americas and brought that knowledge back to Europe. Massive wealth accrued to European colonizers due to trade in goods, spices, and precious metals.

What supplies did early explorers need to carry?

As the time neared for departure sailors loaded and stowed the food, water, and other ship’s stores. Besides food, provisions included all the necessary supplies: candles, firewood, brooms, buckets, rope, pots and pans, tools, beer, wine, and dozens of items needed for self-sufficiency during the voyage.

What was the biggest impact of the age of exploration?

The biggest impact of the Age of Exploration was increased trade and the connection of the world.

What did the European explorers do to the Native American?

Europeans carried a hidden enemy to the Indians: new diseases. Native peoples of America had no immunity to the diseases that European explorers and colonists brought with them. Diseases such as smallpox, influenza, measles, and even chicken pox proved deadly to American Indians.

Did the Chinese discover America first?

15th Century — The Chinese: This theory is espoused by a small group of scholars and amateur historians led by Gavin Menzies, a retired British Naval officer. It asserts that a Muslim-Chinese eunuch-mariner from the Ming Dynasty discovered America — 71 years before Columbus.

Who got to America first?

Colonial America (1492-1763) European nations came to the Americas to increase their wealth and broaden their influence over world affairs. The Spanish were among the first Europeans to explore the New World and the first to settle in what is now the United States.

How did explorers find their way?

One of the first ways explorers located north was to use a lodestone, a magnetic rock suspended on a string or poised on a piece of wood. Explorers on land and sea began using compasses, which were a fairly reliable means of finding direction, except when land masses interfered with the needle’s magnetic properties.

What skills did early explorers need?

What skills did early explorers need?

  • First, they had to be skilled cartographers, or mapmakers.
  • Second, they needed exemplary management skills.
  • Third, explorers needed strong observational, writing, and speaking skills.

What did the explorers do during the age of exploration?

Other important voyages of exploration during this era included Ferdinand Magellan’s attempted circumnavigation of the globe, the search for a trade route to Asia through the Northwest Passage, and Captain James Cook’s voyages that allowed him to map various areas and travel as far as Alaska.

How did the Europeans get to the New World?

European explorers used another tool for figuring out direction—a compass. The compass (left) and the astrolabe (right) were used in the 1500s. These tools helped explorers sail across the Atlantic Ocean to the New World.

Who was the first explorer to explore the New World?

The Portuguese also reached the New World when explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral explored Brazil, setting off a conflict between Spain and Portugal over the newly claimed lands. As a result, the Treaty of Tordesillas officially divided the world in half in 1494.

What did Christopher Columbus explore in the New World?

Columbus would lead three more voyages to the Caribbean, exploring parts of Cuba and the Central American coast. The Portuguese also reached the New World when explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral explored Brazil, setting off a conflict between Spain and Portugal over the newly claimed lands.