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Who were the Hellenistic scientists?

Who were the Hellenistic scientists?

The most original of the Hellenistic mathematicians was probably Hipparchus, who laid the foundations of both plane and spherical trigonometry. Hellenistic geography owed most of its development to Eratosthenes (ca. 276-ca. 194 B.C.), astronomer, poet, philologist, and librarian of Alexandria.

Who created the Hellenistic era?

Alexander the Great
In 336 B.C., Alexander the Great became the leader of the Greek kingdom of Macedonia. By the time he died 13 years later, Alexander had built an empire that stretched from Greece all the way to India.

Who was responsible for the Hellenistic era?

The Hellenistic Age was a time when Greeks came in contact with outside people and their Hellenic, classic culture blended with cultures from Asia and Africa to create a blended culture. One man, Alexander, King of Macedonia, a Greek-speaker, is responsible for this blending of cultures.

Who were great thinkers of the Hellenistic Age?

The Socratic philosophers in ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These are some of the most well-known of all Greek philosophers. Socrates (470/469–399 B.C.E.) is remembered for his teaching methods and for asking thought-provoking questions.

What does Hellenistic mean in the Bible?

Hellenization, or Hellenism, refers to the spread of Greek culture that had begun after the conquest of Alexander the Great in the fourth century, B.C.E.

Is Hellenism a religion?

Hellenism has historically been a pluralistic religion with beliefs ranging between polytheism, animism and monism, although a Hellenist may hold beliefs that fall into all of these categories. Hellenism is, in practice, primarily centered around polytheistic and animistic worship.

What caused the fall of Hellenistic society?

The Hellenistic period may be seen to end either with the final conquest of the Greek heartlands by Rome in 146 BC following the Achaean War, with the final defeat of the Ptolemaic Kingdom at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC, or even the move by Roman emperor Constantine the Great of the capital of the Roman Empire to …

What did Cynics believe?

Cynicism is a school of philosophy from the Socratic period of ancient Greece, which holds that the purpose of life is to live a life of Virtue in agreement with Nature (which calls for only the bare necessities required for existence).

Is Hellenism Pagan?

Founded in the United States in 2001, Hellenion identifies its practices as “Hellenic Pagan Reconstructionism” and emphasizes historical accuracy in its mission statement.

What is a real name of Jesus?

Due to the numerous translations, the Bible has undergone, “Jesus” is the modern term for the Son of God. His original Hebrew name is Yeshua, which is short for yehōshu’a. It can be translated to ‘Joshua,’ according to Dr. Michael L.

Who was the most famous astronomer of the Hellenistic period?

The most famous of the earlier astronomers of this time was Aristarchus of Samos (310-230 B.C.), who is sometimes called the “Hellenistic Copernicus.”

What was the most brilliant age of Science?

The most brilliant age in the history of science prior to the seventeenth century a.d. was the period of the Hellenistic civilization. Indeed, many of the achievements of the modern age would scarcely have been possible without the discoveries of the scientists of Alexandria, Syracuse, Pergamum, and other great cities of the Hellenistic world.

What did Eratosthenes do in the Hellenistic period?

Hellenistic geography owed most of its development to Eratosthenes (ca. 276-ca. 194 B.C.), astronomer, poet, philologist, and librarian of Alexandria. By means of sun dials placed some hundreds of miles apart, he calculated the circumference of the earth with an error of less than 200 miles.

What did Ptolemy do in the Hellenistic period?

Although Ptolemy made few original discoveries, he systematized the work of others. His principal writing, the Almagest, based upon the geocentric theory, was handed down to medieval Europe as the classic summary of ancient astronomy. Closely allied with astronomy were two other sciences, mathematics and geography.