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Why is Passchendaele strategically important?

Why is Passchendaele strategically important?

The plan for Passchendaele It would be a major decisive action to break through the German defences. This attack, working with the French, would culminate in the conquest of the Belgian coast and would help to alleviate the growing threat of the German submarines operating from Belgian ports.

What was the main objective of Passchendaele?

The objective of the battle was to clear the Germans from the Belgian coast and force a German retreat from the northern areas of the Western Front. Australians featured in many of the Passchendaele offensive battles including, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde Ridge, Poelcappelle and others.

What did the Battle of Passchendaele achieve?

After more than three months of bloody combat, the Third Battle of Ypres effectively comes to an end on November 6, 1917, with a hard-won victory by British and Canadian troops at the Belgian village of Passchendaele.

Why was the Battle of Cambrai important?

Battle of Cambrai, British offensive (November–December 1917) on the Western Front during World War I that marked the first large-scale, effective use of tanks in warfare.

What weapons were used in Passchendaele?

During the Battle of Passchendaele, the German machine guns were the key defensive weapon, in a deadly combination with bunkers, barbed wire, and positions located higher than those of the attackers. A number of different kinds of hand grenades were developed during the Great War.

Who won World war 1?

The Allies
The Allies won World War I after four years of combat and the deaths of some 8.5 million soldiers as a result of battle wounds or disease. Read more about the Treaty of Versailles.

What was the impact of Passchendaele?

More than 4,000 Canadians were killed and another 12,000 wounded — almost exactly the casualties predicted by Arthur Currie. These were among the 275,000 casualties (including 70,000 killed) lost overall to the armies under British command at Passchendaele. The Germans suffered another 220,000 killed and wounded.

What was the outcome of the battle of Messines?

The British attack at Messines on 7 June opened with the explosion of the mines, causing a virtual earthquake that immediately killed as many as 10,000 German soldiers. A hurricane bombardment by 2,000 guns preceded the advance of nine British and Australian infantry divisions, which proved a complete success.

What were the 4 major battles of WW1?

Major Battles Of World War I (WW1)

  • Battle of Tannenberg (August of 1914)
  • First Battle of Marne (September of 1914)
  • Battle of Gallipoli (1915-1916)
  • Battle of Jutland (Spring of 1916)
  • Battle of Verdun (1916)
  • Battle of Passchendaele (1917)
  • Battle of Caporetto (Fall of 1917)
  • Battle of Cambrai (1917)

What was the impact of the Battle of Cambrai?

According to the Statistics of the Military Effort of the British Empire during the Great War, British forces in the period of the Battle of Cambrai suffered 75,681 casualties, 10,042 killed or died of wounds, 48,702 wounded and 16,987 missing or prisoners of war. Nearly 180 tanks were destroyed.

What weapon killed the most in ww1?

The greatest number of casualties and wounds were inflicted by artillery, followed by small arms, and then by poison gas. The bayonet, which was relied on by the prewar French Army as the decisive weapon, actually produced few casualties.

What weapon killed the most in ww2?

Incendiary bombs were used by all the major powers of the war, with the Germans using them during the Blitz. Yet it was not until the Allied air campaigns over Germany and Japan that firebombing proved itself to be the most deadly weapon of the war.

Why was the Battle of Passchendaele important for Canada?

The Battle of Passchendaele did nothing to help the Allied effort and became a symbol of the senseless slaughter of the First World War. Relief map showing Allied advances during the Battleof Passchendaele, 1917. A Canadian soldier walks across the blasted, mud-soaked Passchendaele battlefield during the First World War in 1917.

Where was the last ridge in the Battle of Passchendaele?

Passchendaele lay on the last ridge east of Ypres, 5 mi (8.0 km) from the German controlled Roulers (now Roeselare) junction of the Bruges (Brugge) to Kortrijk railway, the main supply route of the German 4th Army.

What was Haig’s plan for the Battle of Passchendaele?

Haig’s plan called for a preliminary attack on the Messines Ridge (north of Armentières) in order to straighten out the Ypres salient on its southern flank and to attract German reserves. This was executed on June 7, 1917, by the Second Army, under Gen. Sir Herbert Plumer.

Why did the Anzacs attack at Passchendaele?

The ANZAC and Canadian Corps at Passchendaele As the offensive ground to a halt, Haig ordered the 100,000-man Canadian Corps to launch a diversionary attack on the Germans occupying the French city of Lens, in the hopes that this would draw German resources away from the main battle in the Ypres salient.