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Why was treaty 7 created?

Why was treaty 7 created?

The Canadian government wanted the treaty to take place to allow them to build the railway across Canada. It was required that the railway went through the indigenous peoples’ land. The Canadian government began the treaty talks to build the railway and for the expansion of settlement.

What did Treaty 7 focus on?

Treaty 7 lands (courtesy Victor Temprano/ The written treaty ceded roughly 130,000 km² of land from the Rocky Mountains to the west, the Cypress Hills to the east, the Red Deer River to the north, and the US border to the south. All nations kept the rights to use the land for hunting.

Where is the Siksika Nation located?

Since time immemorial, the Children of the Plains, the Siksika – Blackfoot, have lived in a territory that stretches from the North Saskatchewan River in present day Alberta and Saskatchewan to the Yellowstone River in the state of Montana, from the Continental Divide in the west to the Great Sand Hills in the province …

Why was Treaty 6 so important?

Treaty 6 Today It aims to protect treaty rights, support Indigenous self-government and assist in the socio-cultural, political, economic and spiritual advancement of their people. Treaty 6 peoples have also protected their treaty rights through land claims and lawsuits.

Is Calgary on Blackfoot land?

Fort Calgary is located where the Bow River meets the Elbow River. This site has long been called Mohkinsstsis by the Blackfoot, as well as Wîchîspa by the Nakoda, and Guts’ists’i by Tsuut’ina. This site is also the birthplace of the City of Calgary.

What is the difference between Treaty 7 and Treaty 8?

Treaty 7 is seen as unique as there was only 5 Nations that signed. In Treaty 8 there was 24 nations, and 50 nations in Treaty 6. Signed at Lesser Slave Lake in 1899.

What was the outcome of Chief Sweetgrass signing Treaty 6?

Chief Sweet Grass (Weekaskookwasayin) signed Treaty 6 on September 9, 1876, with the Fort Pitt Indians, but was killed about six months later. He was succeeded by his son, Apseenes (Young Sweet Grass); he was unable to hold the band together, which began to splinter.

Are Siksika Blackfoot?

Siksika (Blackfoot) is the language of Siksika Nation. Siksika means Blackfoot. Siksika Nation is part of the Siksikaitsitapi – Blackfoot Confederacy which includes Kainai Nation, Piikani Nation and Aamskapi Piikani (Blackfeet Nation).

Why are Blackfoot called Blackfoot?

Originally, only one of the Niitsitapi tribes was called Blackfoot or Siksika. The name is said to have come from the color of the peoples’ moccasins, made of leather. They had typically dyed or painted the soles of their moccasins black.

What are the main points of Treaty 6?

The treaty contained, with some variations, the standard written clauses of the earlier numbered treaties signed with First Nations: surrender of Indian land rights; provision of assistance in the transition to an agricultural economy; provision of reserves (in Treaty 6 the equivalent of one square mile per family of …

What were the main terms of Treaty 6?

In exchange for Indigenous title to their land (see Indigenous Territory), Treaty 6 provided: an annual cash payment of $25 per chief; $15 per headman and $5 for all other band members; a one-time cash payment of $12 for each band member; and reserve lands in the amount of one mile 2 (about 2.5 km 2) per family of five …

What native land does Calgary sit on?

Calgary: Traditional Blackfoot territory Treaty 7 spans across southern Alberta and spills across the U.S. border. It is comprised of five First Nations: Kainai (Blood), Siksika, Piikani, Tsuut’ina and Stoney Nakoda. In addition, Métis peoples live in the region.

Where is Blackfoot Crossing historical park in Alberta?

Blackfoot Crossing Historical Park is a Canadian National Heritage Site and recognition as a World Heritage Site have been applied for. Black Foot Crossing is located in Southern Alberta and is a series of historic and cultural centers and attractions set in the Prairies.

What was the history of Blackfoot Crossing Mississippi?

The history of Blackfoot Crossing. The earthen works village remains are thought to belong to an early Native American culture that was based in the Upper Mississippi. The Siksika people controlled the area and its precious buffalo hunting grounds when the Europeans first arrived.

Is there an earthlodge village in Blackfoot Crossing?

In 2007 the historical park opened, which includes an interpretive centre, monuments to Poundmaker, Crowfoot, and Treaty 7, tipi remains, and hiking trails, and the earthlodge village site. The earthlodge village is the only known one of its type on the Canadian Prairies, though they are common in parts of the United States.

Where to see Treaty 7 at Blackfoot Crossing?

Large windows along the back offer dramatic views down to the gentle curve of the Bow River valley and the famous crossing where Treaty 7 was signed. The central lobby area looks out for miles over the Bow River valley. . . . . . . .